Interfaith Worker Justice

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Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively

Fatawa: Rights of Workers in Islam

“Freedom to form unions. Based on all the above principles (see link below for full article), we can also infer that workers in Islam have a right to exercise the freedom of association and the right to form unions. Special trade unions and associations help workers in their work and socialization. They can also help workers to seek justice for their rights and bargaining power to receive proper compensations. However, employers and employees all must fear Allah in the exercise of their rights and duties.
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Living Wages

The Qu’ran and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

“And O my people! Give just measure and weight, nor withhold from the people the things that are their due” (Quran 11:85). Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of God be upon him, also said, “I will be the opponent of three types of people on the Day of Judgment,” and he listed one of them as “one who hires a worker, but does not pay him his right wages owed to him after fulfilling his work.” (Bukhari collection, prepared by Hussam Ayloush, Executive Director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations.)

Fatawa: Rights of Workers in Islam

“Proper and timely wages. Workers should be given proper and just wages. Exploitation of any person is not allowed in Islam. Allah says [ To the Madyan people We sent Shu`aib, one of their own brethren. He said: "O my people, worship Allah; you have no other god but Him. Now has come unto you a Clear (Sign) from your Lord. Give just measure and weight, nor withhold from the people the things that are their due; and do no mischief on the earth after it has been set in order: that will be best for you, if you have Faith] (Al-A`raf 7:85). Allah warns those who take full measure but give less to others: [ Woe to those that deal in fraud. Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, exact full measure. But when they have to give by measure or weight to men, give less than due. Do they not think that they will be called to account? On a Mighty Day. A Day when (all) mankind will stand before the Lord of the Worlds] (Al-Mutaffifin 83:1-6). Workers should also be paid on time. The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "Give to the worker his wages before his sweat dries" (Ibn Majah).”

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 (Al-A`raf 7:85), (Al-Mutaffifin 83:1-6) and (Ibn Majah).

Fair Working Conditions

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of God be upon him, said, “Your servants/workers are your brothers whom God the most High has placed under your authority. Therefore, a person who has a brother under his authority, should feed him out of that which he eats himself and should dress him with the same kind of clothes which he wears himself; he should not assign work to him which is beyond his capacity, and if you do so, then help him in his work” (Bukhari collection, prepared by Hussam Ayloush, Executive Director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations.)